Cantine Cerrolongo

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Masseria Battifarano - Cantine Cerrolongo

They are cultivated on lands laying opposite the sea and present a system order of 5,50m x 3m for a total of about 10ha, on lands of medium melted mixture with a slight preponderance of clay and framework.

Our olive groves are composed by:

  • The varieties cultivated are: Coratina Leccino, Frantoio, Cima of Melfi and Ogliarola of Bradano

THE OLIVE TREE, “THE FIRST BETWEEN THE OTHER TREES”

The civilization of the olive tree and of the oil has, as the same plant, deep and widespread roots in Italy. The olive tree is a sacred plant to Minerva. The olive tree can be found also in the Bible verses (the dove annuncing to Noč the end of the universal downpour had an olive branch; the stone that Jacob took to Mesopotamia was greased by oil). The olive tree and the olive oil have still a central role in Christianism rites: an olive branch is still today blessed at Sunday Palm and carefully kept for all the year. The blessed oil, mixtured with balm and other aromas constitute the chrism. The plant has uncertain roots, even if some historical data indicate Minor Asia and Syria as its most probable origin area. From this area the Greeks spread it in West with the name of “haia”. According Diodoro, was the goddes Minerva to teach how the olive trees had to be cultivated and how to extract the oil from their fruits. In the Ancient Greece, Homer testifies the presence of numerous scrubs of wild olive trees and many domesticated olive trees whose trunk is so big that can be transformed in a double bed. It is the case of Ulysses. Even if some finds trace the use of the olive tree back to the Pliocene time, in Italy the first cultivated plants were probably in Sicily and in the Magna Graecia at about the first millennium b.C.. The information about the extention of the cultivated olive groves of that time are insufficient. In Basilicata the olive heritage, checked by the agricultural register, was of 2,6 milions of plants (1,1, in Matera and 1,5 in Potenza). It is affirmed in the fifth volume of 1961 by the professor L. Fraciosa, published by the Southern Italy Development Fund about the “Structure and markets in the south Italy”. In the province of Matera the commonest varieties were Pizzutolo, Nostrale, Tarantina, Cima di Corato, Fagiola, Ghiannara and Maiatica. All these varieties are irregularly distributed for the climatical and land conditions. The most important areas were those of Nova Siri, Bernalda, Ferrandina and the area of Tricarico- Stigliano. Also the densities of the plantations were very variable, from 250 plants for hectar in the specialized systems of the Metapontina plain, to less than 100 plants for hectar in the mixed culture.

Vitale Nuzzo –Antonio Trivisani – Raffaele Rinaldi

Information and pictures are taken from "The century-old olive trees of Castrum Boletum and Rotunda Maris" - 2004

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Grappa "Lunaria"


Matera Wine Festival

June 2010 - Via Ridola Matera


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